Chickpeas in a food market in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia. Chickpeas are a major pulse crop in Ethiopia, and are important for both the domestic and export market.  With an average of 22 percent protein, chickpeas can serve as a more sustainable alternative to meat. They are also rich in fiber, complex carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals such as iron, and low in endocrine-disrupting phytoestrogens.